|Ptolemy II Philadelphus|
Ptolemy II Philadelphus, which means 'Brother/Sister-loving', was the second ruler of the
Ptolemaic Dynasty. His construction efforts included that of building the canal that linked the
Nile to the Gulf of Suez. He was married to his full sister Arsinoe II. He also began a tradition
of a four-yearly celebration to honor his father. It was intended to have a status equal to the
Olympic games. According to the "Letter of Aristeas", Ptolemy II requested 70 Jewish
scholars come from Jerusalem to translate the Pentateuch into a Greek version to be placed
into the Great Library collection. He died on January 29, 246 BC.