|Ptolemy XII Neos Dionysos|
80-58 & 55-51 B.C.
Ptolemy XII Neos Dionysos was the illegitimate son of Lathyros (Ptolemy IX Soter II). His
younger brother became governor of Cyprus and Ptolemy XII came to Alexandria to rule
after the death of Ptolemy XI Alexander II. He was often referred to by his subjects as the
Bastard or the Flute Player (Auletes). He referred to himself as 'Theos Philopator
Philadelphos Neos Dionysos'. It is only in the history books that he is referred to as Ptolemy
XII. He was married to his sister-wife, Cleopatra V Tryphaena and was the father of the
famous Cleopatra VII, who grew up to be the last of the Ptolemies.
In 59 BC, he raised enough money to bribe Caesar, who was now consul for Rome.
However, he was driven out of Alexandria in 58 BC. This occurred partly because of his
tameness when Rome absorbed Cyprus. In his absence, he left as co-regents his wife-sister
Cleopatra V Tryphaena and their eldest daughter, Berenice IV. Cleopatra Tryphaena died
about a year later and Berenice IV ruled as sole regent. She was made to marry Seleucus
Kybiosaktes but after a short time, she had him strangled. Auletes returned to the throne in 55
BC and ruled until his death in 51 BC. On his death, he left his regency to his daughter