Hatshepsut, the fifth ruler of the 18th Dynasty, was the daughter of Thutmose I and Queen
Ahmose. As was common in royal families, she married her half-brother, Thutmose II, who
had a son, Thutmose III, by a minor wife. When Thutmose II died in 1479 B.C. his son,
Thutmose III, was appointed heir. However, Hatshepsut was appointed regent due to the
boy's young age. They ruled jointly until 1473 when she declared herself pharaoh. Dressed in
mens attire, Hatshepsut administered affairs of the nation, with the full support of the high
priest of Amon, Hapuseneb and other officials. When she built her magnificent temple at Deir el
Bahari in Thebes she made reliefs of her divine birth as the daughter of Amon. Hatshepsut
disappeared in 1458 B.C. when Thutmose III, wishing to reclaim the throne, led a revolt.
Thutmose had her shrines, statues and reliefs mutilated.