|Pyramids of Abu Sir|
The Pyramids of Abu Sir originally consisted of fourteen pyramids from the 5th Dynasty. Only
four are still standing. Of the four, the first encountered as you come from the main Saqqara
complex, is the Pyramid of Neferefre. This pyramid was never finished and is in very poor
The pyramid for Neferikare is the next, to the north. It also is unfinished and is still the tallest of
the group. It stands 68m high. To the northeast is the Pyramid of Niuserre, which is famous for
its Funerary Temple.
The funerary temple was built for Neferikare, but was used for Niuserre because Neferikare
died prematurely. Further to the northeast is the tomb of Ptah-Cepses. This tomb is not in
good condition. The columns with lotus capitals are the oldest discovered. The last pyramid in
this complex is the Pyramid of Sahure and it's Funerary Temple. These are not too badly
damaged. A 240m ramp that connected the Valley Temple to this pyramid has been
discovered during the excavation work in this complex. Some of the reliefs that were in the
funerary temple have been removed and placed in museums. A few are still in the temple and
are preserved quite well.